From Bukovina via Mechelen/Belgium to Auschwitz • 1942-1944

As a result of the meticulous and thorough research of the Kazerne Dossin Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights, Mecheln-Auschwitz 1942-1944 is a trilingual series (Dutch, French and English) of four books dealing with the persecution and deportation of Jews and gypsies from the SS-Sammellager in the Dossin Barracks in Mechelen to Auschwitz. Only a few miles away fom the SS Camp Fort Breendonk, the Dossin Barracks were used from 1942 until 1944 as a transit camp for Jews and gypsies from Belgium and the North of France, assembled here to set out on their journey of no return to Auschwitz. The first part of the series presents the reader with a historical overview of the racist and anti-Semitic persecutions in Belgium and the North of France. It focuses on the complex and poignant story of the action, reaction and interaction between occupier, occupied and persecuted, confronted with the final solution. It also relates the history of each individual transport.

Parts two and three show us the portraits of 18,522 out of 25,259 deportees, wagon by wagon and transport by transport. These pictures literally give the genocide a face. Among these portraits we succeeded to identify 97 out of 104 deportees, who had their roots in Bukovina. Leon Messing, born on 12 June 1927 in Czernowitz, was 15 years old and the youngest deportee from Bukovina on the date of departure of Transport 10 on 15 December 1942. The oldest deportee from Bukovina was Abraham Moses Reder, born on 17 August 1866 in Czernowitz, i. e. he was 76 years old on the date of deportation on Transport 11 of 26 September 1942. Just like my uncle Maximilian Hauster, born on 26 November 1909 in Czernowitz, deported with Transport 19 of 14 January 1943, neither would return in 1945.

Part four contains the revised and corrected alphabetical list of names of the victims, together with biographical information about their personal fate. We have excerpted from this database those 104 deportees, who originated from Bukovina and compiled a listing in alphabetical order, which is available for download as PDF file by clicking just here or on the picture below.


Only two women and two men out of 104 deportees survived after 8 May 1945: Sara Adler and Theresia Breitner from Czernowitz, Wilhelm Berler from Nepolokoutz and Juda Meier Fleischer from Siret. 96,2% of the people originated from Bukovina deported on these in total 28 Transports were wiped out.

The documentary Transport XX to Auschwitz by Karen Lynne, Richard Bloom and Michel van der Burg is illustrating the inhuman and unimaginable suffering of the Jews and gypsies from Belgium during the Holocaust.


The “Czernowitz Imperial-Royal I. State Gymnasium” Graduates 1850-1913

Download: 1850-1913: State Gymnasium Graduates in Alphabetical Order (3,011 Data Sets)
Download: 1850-1908: Annual Report 1909/1910 and Graduates in Chronological Order (Overall Listing)
Download: 1808-1908: Festschrift to the Centennial Celebration of the State Gymnasium (German)
Download: 29.10.1908: Czernowitzer Allgemeine Zeitung Report on the Centennial Celebration (P.1-3)
Download: 29.10.1908: Bukowinaer Post Report on the Centennial Celebration (P.3-4)

Source: Digital Collection Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf for the years 1900-1913
Source: Digital Collection Podkarpacka Digital Library for the years 1869-1913

The “Czernowitz Imperial-Royal I. State Gymnasium” in May 2011.

Karl Emil Franzos graduated in 1867.

Mihai Eminescu attended the State Gymnasium between 1860-1863.


Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies


The Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies is a collection of over 4,400 videotaped interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust. Part of Yale University’s department of Manuscripts and Archives, the archive is located at Sterling Memorial Library.

Professor Dr. Dori Laub was born in Czernowitz in 1937. With his parents, he was deported to Transnistria in 1942. His father disappeared during a German raid prior to liberation by the Soviets and he and his mother were reunited with his grandparents who had survived in Czernowitz. He immigrated to Israel in 1950 where he attended medical school. Today he is Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Yale University and a psychoanalyst in private practice. In 1979 he co-founded the Holocaust Survivors’ Film Project, Inc., which subsequently became the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale. Dori Laub has published and lectured extensively on the Holocaust.


Bearing Witness to the Holocaust – How the First Video Archive of Holocaust Testimonies Was Established
“Tell Us What You See” – Interview with Professor Dori Laub by Yad Vashem