It is due to the great commitment and tenacity of Paul Brașcanu that the Romanian State Mint has coined a commemorative medal in honour of Emanuel Alois Ziffer, the “Father of the Bukovinian Railroad System”, in an edition of only 23 pieces (3 silver / 17 copper alloy). More details about the project can be found in the (Romanian) project description just here. In due consideration of his engagement related to the acknowledgement of Emanuel Alois Ziffer’s role as the “Father of the Bukovinian Railroad System”, the Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania decorated Paul Brașcanu by the Medal for Friends of Jewish Communities of Romania in 2014.
Spanish flu or Influenza?
The mysterious disease with its many names is on everyone’s lips, or better, in everyone’s – noses, because it is probably only about influenza and sniffles, as is only too understandable in this strange summer. Admittedly, one can almost speak of an epidemic, if not in Czernowitz, where influenza is circulating too, but in many other cities: in Vienna it is on the rise, and there are also reports from Germany, namely Berlin, Munich, Dresden, Mannheim and Karlsruhe, of an increase in “Spanish flu”. The epidemic, whose name and origin has not been properly identified, seems to have originated in Spain and from there it has spread to the whole of Europe. No matter how the disease is called, whether it is flu or influenza or a “Spanish disease”, there is no reason for concern. You can call it annoying, but it is not dangerous. Probably the bacillus that causes so much turmoil all over the world is an old acquaintance, the influenza bacillus, and one may, without fear, if it applies, answer the question “Have you got it yet?” by a liberating Achoo!
[Spanische Grippe oder Influenza?
Die rätselhafte Krankheit mit den vielen Namen ist in aller Munde, oder bessergesagt, in aller – Nasen, denn es handelt sich wohl nur um Influenza und Schnupfen, wie dies bei dem merkwürdigen aller Sommer nur zu begreiflich ist. Freilich kann man beinahe von einer Epidemie sprechen, wenn auch nicht in Czernowitz, wo allerdings auch die Influenza umgeht, so doch in vielen anderen Städten: in Wien nimmt sie an Umfang zu und auch aus Deutschland, namentlich Berlin, München, Dresden, Mannheim, Karlsruhe wird von der Zunahme der „spanischen Grippe“ berichtet. Die Epidemie, deren Name und Ursprung nicht einwandfrei festgestellt ist, scheint ihren Ursprung in Spanien und von dort den Weg nach ganz Europa genommen zu haben. Wie die Krankheit nun heißt, ob es eine Grippe oder Influenza oder eine „spanische Krankheit“ ist, Grund zu Besorgnissen ist jedenfalls nicht vorhanden. Mann kann sie lästig nennen, aber gefährlich ist sie nicht. Wahrscheinlich ist der Bazillus, der die Welt in so viel Aufruhr versetzt, ein alter Bekannter, der Influenzabazillus, und man darf, ohne Angst, wenn’s zutrifft, die Frage „Haben Sie sie schon?“ mit einem befreienden Haptschüh! beantworten.]
About the Author:
Gaëlle Fisher is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Center for Holocaust Studies at the Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History in Munich, Germany. She holds a doctorate in history from University College London and has published articles in a range of journals, including German History, The Leo Baeck Institute Year Book, and East European Politics and Societies.
“By establishing a new approach for Bukovina research, Resettlers and Survivors makes the reverberations of World War II visible for Europe as a whole and particularly for Bukovina Germans and Jews. It offers answers to how and why their experiences effected new conceptualizations of the past, of identity, and of home.” • Markus Winkler, LMU Munich
“Gaëlle Fisher manages, on the one hand, to provide insight into a lesser-known episode in the history of World War II. At the same time, through her own interpretation of the historical record, she illustrates through this special case a theoretical issue relevant to the concepts essential for a sociopolitical understanding of modernity and postmodernity: identity, alterity, difference, space, place, and memory.” • Andrei Corbea-Hoişie, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iași, Romania
This list comes from World Jewish Congress London (London n° 1087) and displays – in more or less alphabetical order – about 3,500 repatriated persons from Southern Bukovina, no date, no list of nationalities, but most likely all of them Jewish. Is there anybody out there, who might tell us more on this list? Is it connected to the list of “Repatriates at the USSR/Romanian Border – March/April 1946” posted at:
Courtesy: Arolsen Archives
The Chernivtsi Museum of the History and Culture of Bukovinian Jews: „The official trailer of a documentary ‘Forgotten Holocaust – a journey to Transnistria’ (film director: Resa Asarschahab, Idea: Markus Winkler und Kristina Forbat) has been aired. The film was shot in the autumn of 2019 in the framework of a Ukrainian-German educational project. The project was initiated by the Institute for the German Culture and History of Southeast Europe at the Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich (https://www.ikgs.de) and implemented in cooperation with the Chernivtsi Museum of the History and Culture of Bukovinian Jews, Yurii Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University and the State University of the Republic of Moldova (Chisinau).
The film describes the life of a Chernivtsi citizen Rosa Zuckermann, who was deported to Transnistria in the autumn of 1941 together with her parents, a husband and a small child. Rosa was the only one of the whole family who survived. The story of this family resembles the fate of many Jewish families from Chernivtsi. That is why it is so meaningful and important to get to know it.
Film crew from Germany made the journey from Chernivtsi through Măşrculeşti, Soroca, Mohyliv-Podilskyi to a small town in Podillia – Bershad. It was accompanied by Dr. Markus Winkler (Berlin), the head of the project; Mykola Kushnir, the director of the Museum of the History and Culture of Bukovinian Jews (Chernivtsi) as well as by students from Ukraine (Chernivtsi, Mohyliv-Podilskyi) and the Republic of Moldova (Chisinau, Bălți).
Felix Zuckermann, the son of Rosa Zuckermann, also took part in the project. For him it was a moving trip into the terrible past, searching for traces and answers to questions he hadn’t dare to ask his mom when she was still alive.
Students, who participated in the project, were able to learn more about the Holocaust in Transnistria. During the seminar ‘Memory Workshop’ they discussed issues related to the culture of remembrance in their countries as well as presented their projects in this field.
Official presentation of the film was to be held at the end of February in Berlin. However due to the coronavirus pandemic it has been postponed.”
This collection includes names from the 901 affidavits collected by the Chernivisti Jewish Survivors Organization. The organization collected the affidavits in order to press the Soviet government for stipendiary pensions in restitution for the atrocities the survivors suffered during World War II. The index includes name and information about experiences during World War II.