Book review by OBSERVATORUL CULTURAL:
Book review by OBSERVATORUL CULTURAL:
Book review by OBSERVATORUL CULTURAL:
The premiere of the film in Ukraine took place on November 27th, 2020, on the occasion of the festival “Paul Celan Literature Days 2020” in Czernowitz, organized by the Paul Celan Literature Centre, Meridian Czernowitz and sponsored by the Austrian Cultural Forum Kyiv. The film (45:29 min.) is German with Ukrainian subtitles.
The documentary “Antschel” was shot in 2020 by the Austrian director and poet Susanne Ayoub. The narrator of the film is Paul Celan’s childhood friend Klaus Demus. The two young poets met in Vienna in 1948.
This list comes from World Jewish Congress London (London n° 1087) and displays – in more or less alphabetical order – about 3,500 repatriated persons from Southern Bukovina, no date, no list of nationalities, but most likely all of them Jewish. Is there anybody out there, who might tell us more on this list? Is it connected to the list of “Repatriates at the USSR/Romanian Border – March/April 1946” posted at:
Courtesy: Arolsen Archives
The Chernivtsi Museum of the History and Culture of Bukovinian Jews: „The official trailer of a documentary ‘Forgotten Holocaust – a journey to Transnistria’ (film director: Resa Asarschahab, Idea: Markus Winkler und Kristina Forbat) has been aired. The film was shot in the autumn of 2019 in the framework of a Ukrainian-German educational project. The project was initiated by the Institute for the German Culture and History of Southeast Europe at the Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich (https://www.ikgs.de) and implemented in cooperation with the Chernivtsi Museum of the History and Culture of Bukovinian Jews, Yurii Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University and the State University of the Republic of Moldova (Chisinau).
The film describes the life of a Chernivtsi citizen Rosa Zuckermann, who was deported to Transnistria in the autumn of 1941 together with her parents, a husband and a small child. Rosa was the only one of the whole family who survived. The story of this family resembles the fate of many Jewish families from Chernivtsi. That is why it is so meaningful and important to get to know it.
Film crew from Germany made the journey from Chernivtsi through Măşrculeşti, Soroca, Mohyliv-Podilskyi to a small town in Podillia – Bershad. It was accompanied by Dr. Markus Winkler (Berlin), the head of the project; Mykola Kushnir, the director of the Museum of the History and Culture of Bukovinian Jews (Chernivtsi) as well as by students from Ukraine (Chernivtsi, Mohyliv-Podilskyi) and the Republic of Moldova (Chisinau, Bălți).
Felix Zuckermann, the son of Rosa Zuckermann, also took part in the project. For him it was a moving trip into the terrible past, searching for traces and answers to questions he hadn’t dare to ask his mom when she was still alive.
Students, who participated in the project, were able to learn more about the Holocaust in Transnistria. During the seminar ‘Memory Workshop’ they discussed issues related to the culture of remembrance in their countries as well as presented their projects in this field.
Official presentation of the film was to be held at the end of February in Berlin. However due to the coronavirus pandemic it has been postponed.”
From Ruth Levin:
This collection includes names from the 901 affidavits collected by the Chernivisti Jewish Survivors Organization. The organization collected the affidavits in order to press the Soviet government for stipendiary pensions in restitution for the atrocities the survivors suffered during World War II. The index includes name and information about experiences during World War II.
Dr. Jolie Weininger from Jerusalem wrote on August 7, 2019: “Yesterday morning checking my e-mail I saw the post about Storojinetz Ghetto in August 1941. When watching on Naftali Zloczower’s blog the part of the list of the inhabitants of the Ghetto where his family members were shown under a magnifying glass, below I suddenly saw the name of my Paternal Grand-Father : Neuman recte Weininger Nechemia! Thereafter looking at the whole page there were also the name of Bertha and Rachmiel Rosenberg, my Father’s aunt and uncle and lower on the same page my Maternal Grand-Father, David Hernes. What a strange coincidence! My Paternal Grand- Parents both perished in Bershad…on February ’42 my Father got a little note ( I still have it) where they asked for help. Money as they were starving, freezing and suffering of typhus…My parents got the Popovici permit to remain in Czernowitz – my Dad as a chemist, my Mom gaving birth to me : the first baby born in the Ghetto! Unfortunatelly when they tried to add the Grand-parents on the permits it was to late, they already left for Transnistria! My Father however could add his sister, Lola, which fortunately was in Czernowitz! My other Grand-father, David Hernes, could escape from the Storojinetz Ghetto. Walking to Czernowitz he was so seriously beaten up by roumenian soldiers, that after however arriving to join us in the Ghetto, he passed away in February ’42. Aunt Bertha and her husband survived Bershad. I was profoundly touched by Naftali Zloczower’s post, this is a modest way to show my appreciation and to thank him.”
Yitzhak Arad, The Holocaust in the Soviet Union, University of Nebraska Press & Yad Vashem, Lincoln/Jerusalem, 2009, P. 301-3012: “Around 27,000 Jews – half of the deportees from Bukovina – were concentrated in the Mogilev-Podolsky region. The town was an economical center, and many of the deportees hoped to find accomodation and employment there. The initiative of a few Jews made it possible for thousands of deportees to remain in the town – contrary to the designs of the Romanian authorities, who felt that there was no room in the semi-ruined town for the Jews. A prominent figure among these was the engineer Ziegfried Jägendorf, who had held the rank of lieutenant in the Austrian army during World War I. Jägendorf managed to arrange a meeting with the town’s Romanian prefect, Colonel Ion Baleanu, with whom he had served in the Austrian army and who knew that he was an engineer. To Jägendorf’s request that conditions should be eased for the Jewish deportees and that they should be permitted to stay in the town, Baleanu replied:
You must realize that Jews cannot stay in Mogilev: we are establishing camps for them elsewhere in the district…We need your services here in Mogilev. The power station was put out of action during the battles and further damaged when the Dnestr overflowed its banks. I want you to select a few electricians and mechanics from your ranks, four or five, perhaps.
Jägendorf convinced the town’s Romanian authorities that the repair and reopening of the power station would require hundreds of Jewish workers, and so they were permitted to remain in the town with their families. After Jägendorf and his employees reinstated the town’s electricity supply, further manufacturing plants were established in which Jews were employed. One of Jägendorf’s enterprises was a metal foundry, to which he gave the name ‘Turnatoria’. It produced various commodities, including heaters for government officials and the local population, metal parts for repairing bridges over the Dnestr, and other objects; in the beginning of 1942 more than 1,000 Jews were employed in these plants. For the deportees these initiatives were salvation. Jägendorf was elected chairman of the thirteen-man Jewish council, and, except for the latter half of 1942, he served in this position for as long as the ghetto existed.”
From Zlila Ebner- Helman:
I have send a copy of a part of the archive of my Grandfather Dr. Mayer Ebner and my Father Dr. Josef Ebner to the museum of Czernowitz (attached example[s]). a lot of Documents & old Photos & Articles etc… between 1899 – 1940 – besides those of 1940-1955.
The document [below] was an urgent request of M. Ebner to Nahum Goldman and Stefan Whise to save the deported people to SIBERIA
More examples from Archive of M.Ebner
8 June 1930 – Senator Ebner speech at Rumanian Parliament
1926-7 Ebner the Head of Jewish Community in Czernowitz.
For more on Mayer Ebner (photos and documents) see our website: